Bentesali
Unblended Carignano

Carignano is one of the most important and prestigious wines of Sardinian enology.

BENTESALI

TERRITORY

The Island of Sant’Antioco is located in the Sulcis-Iglesiente area, in the south-western coast of Sardinia, to which it is connected with a thin isthmus, created by marine sediment.

With a surface of 109 square kilometres, it is the largest island in Sardinia and the fourth largest in Italy.

The island is divided between the two municipalities of Sant’Antioco and Calasetta and it is located some 90 km from Cagliari.

The area’s Mediterranean climate is characterized by short winters and hot, dry summers, mitigated only by the cool north-west wind.

The island was formed during the Miocene, around 25 million years ago, and was separated from Sardinia because of tectonic movements. Many million years later, the island acquired the present morphology: mainly flat, with calcareous and trachyte rocks and a sporadic Mediterranean vegetation.

VITICULTURE IN THE ISLAND

The sandy lands of the island are suitable for the cultivation of the vine “franca di piede”, which means “with the original roots”, therefore without the use of the American vine’s rootstock. This method insures a unique organoleptic heritage to the grapes and allows the vineyards to achieve an excellent production even in an advanced age. The training system used in the centenary vineyards is the traditional Latin freestanding system, instead modern systems are employed in the new implants, notably the cordon spur system and the espalier system.

The Carignano variety was brought in the Island by the Phoenicians around the IX century BC. In the last three centuries, it has experienced the greater development, because the Island of Sant’Antioco provides all the ideal conditions for the production and growth of this particular variety. Origin and development of viticulture:

  • Phoenician cycle: introduction of “Nuragus”, “Vernaccia”, and, according to some experts, “Nasco”, “Monica” and “Carignano”;
  • Latin cycle: introduction of “Moscato” and “Apesorgie”;
  • Byzantine cycle: introduction of “Malvasia” and some white noble grapes, like “Alvaregae” and “Gregubiancu”;
  • Spanish cycle: introduction of “Cannonau”, “Bovali”, “Cagnulari”, “Carignano”, “Muristellu”, and according to some experts, “Vermentino” and “Nasco”.

THE WINE

IL CARIGNANO: the production of this wine is almost entirely focused in the Sulcis area.

The vineyards occupy just 1700 hectares, but, despite the limited diffusion, the Carignano can be considered one of the most important and prestigious wines of the Sardinian enology. Indeed, the Carignano variety is characterized by a strong resistance to salty winds, which has allowed its development in the sandy and sunny lands of Sulcis. These specific lands and the low production per vinestock assign vigour and a rich essence and fragrance to the wine. The wine has an intense ruby colour, a ample fragrance of plum, marasca cherry, sweet spices, chocolate, liquorice and pepper. The taste is aristocratic and balanced with soft tannins.

The wine Carignano del Sulcis was recognised in 1977 as “Denominazione di Origine Controllata” (DOC).

BENTESALI TECHNICAL SHEET

THE VINEYARDS

The Bentesali vineyards are located in various places of the Island of Sant’Antioco. In plain, the vineyards are surrounded by hedges of Indian fig (fighe s’india), lentisk (moddici), saltbush (erma) and cane fields and they are protected by north-west and south-east winds. In the hills, the hedges of the typical Mediterranean scrub can be found: oleaster (ollastu), cistus (muregu), lentisk, myrtle (murta).

The vineyards are situated in the following regions of the Island: region “Su pranu de sa Cresia”, characterized by sandy lands that reach the sea; region “S’Arriaxiu”, which has flat and sandy lands; region “Pabirongu”, with hilly lands and limy soil; region “Is Scararettus”, with sandy lands and under shelter from the strong winds; region “Bingixedda”, with limy and sandy soil and exposed to the north wind; region “Sa Scrocca Manna” in the hills near the municipality of Calasetta; region “Giunchera” in which the vineyards are located near the sea in sandy lands exposed to the saline north-west wind. The vines are cultivated in an ideal microclimate, which gives a unique maturation, sugar content and acidity to the grapes, and a singular fragrance, structure and character to the Bentesali wine.

Flat and sandy lands, distance from the sea 10/1000 mt, exposed to the sun.

VIGNE VICO IV

Vineyard surface of 1200 mq, distance from the sea 900 mt, sea level 14 mt, Carignano variety, Latin freestanding training system, age 65 years, production 7/8 quintals.

Vineyard surface of 2500 mq, distance from the sea 700 mt, sea level 9 mt, Carignano variety, espalier freestanding training system, age 18 years, production 15/18 quintals.

VIGNA VICO XXIII

Vineyard surface of 1200 mq, distance from the sea 900 mt, sea level 7 mt, Carignano variety, Latin freestanding training system, age 65 years, production 7/8 quintals.

Flat and sandy lands, distance from the sea 1000/2000 mt, exposed to the sun.

VIGNA SU CONCAI

Vineyard surface of 700 mq, distance from the sea 1700 mt, sea level 25 mt, Carignano variety, espalier freestanding training system, age 23 years, production 4/5 quintals.

VIGNA SU DE NORATTU

Vineyard surface of 2500 mq, distance from the sea 1500 mt, sea level 16 mt, Carignano variety, espalier cordon spur training system, age 30 years, production 15/18 quintals.

Hilly area, loose and clayey soil.

VIGNA SA SCROCCA

Vineyard surface of 2500 mq, distance from the sea 2500 mt, sea level 100 mt, Carignano variety, espalier freestanding training system, age 30 years, production 15/18 quintals.

Hilly area, loose and clayey soil.

VIGNA PABIRONGU

Vineyard surface of 2500 mq, distance from the sea 2500 mt, sea level 123 mt, Carignano variety, espalier freestanding training system, age 30 years, production 15/18 quintals.

Hilly area, loose and clayey soil.

VIGNA SCARARETTUS

Vineyard surface of 2500 mq, distance from the sea 2500 mt, sea level 65 mt, Carignano variety, espalier freestanding training system, age 30 years, production 15/18 quintals.

Flat and sandy lands, distance from the sea 120 mt.

VIGNE GIUNCHERA

Vineyard surface of 1500 mq, distance from the sea 100 mt, sea level 11 mt, Carignano variety, Latin freestanding training system, age 58 years, production 7/8 quintals.

Vineyard surface of 2500 mq, distance from the sea 100 mt, sea level 12 mt, Carignano variety, espalier freestanding training system, age 18 years, production 15/18 quintals.

Vineyard surface of 1000 mq, distance from the sea 100 mt, sea level 10 mt, Carignano variety, espalier freestanding training system, age 18 years, production 5/8 quintals.

Clayey soil, steep and sandy lands, distance from the sea 1000 mt, exposed to the sun.

VIGNA S’ACQUA DE SU CARDU

Vineyard surface of 1500 mq, distance from the sea 2500 mt, sea level 30 mt, Carignano variety, espalier cordon spur training system, age 30 years, production 8/10 quintals.

CONTACTS

Contacts us to receive information about Vigne Bentesali.

+39 330 7395 19